Loop Through Array in Postman

Sometimes, as a test engineer, you need to iterate over a set of elements and call the same API method with each of them

If you do not have ready testing infrastructure, you can use Postman Collection Runner for a quick solution.

Let assume that you have an array (or any collection) of items, each of which you need to pass into the same request.

As an example I decided to find which of 10 books from Google Books has a preview (it will be an array of items). And as in my previous article I chose Google Books API for that:

GET https://www.googleapis.com/books/v1/volumes/{{varVolume}}?key={{yourAPIKey}}

In Postman UI you need to create:

Globals: initial and current value must be 0
Globals: initial and current value must be 0
Initial and current value must be 0

In the Request on «Pre-request Script» tab you need:

const dataArray = [    "TWiYDwAAQBAJ",    "8ahgioXQ9g8C",    "K98hhw0IEHgC",    "mDKphT8_XLsC",    "XfDOcmJisn0C",    "vxX2JGsN7PoC",    "5x4uDwAAQBAJ",    "mmlgAAAAMAAJ",    "jetfAAAAMAAJ",    "38xQHS4h0yEC"];let item = pm.globals.get("itemOfArray");pm.globals.set("varVolume", dataArray[item]);
Pre-request Script tab: «varVolume» variable will create automatically
Pre-request Script tab: «varVolume» variable will create automatically
«varVolume» variable will create automatically

In the Request on «Tests» tab you need:

let item = pm.globals.get("itemOfArray");pm.globals.set("itemOfArray", Number(item) + 1);let jsonData = pm.response.json();pm.test("Status code is 200", function () {    pm.response.to.have.status(200);});// Output only in case of conditionif (jsonData.accessInfo.viewability !== "NO_PAGES") {    // Case of output #1 - in Postman console    console.log(`${jsonData.id} is ${jsonData.accessInfo.viewability}`);    // Case of output #2 - in Postman variable    // Additional variable to avoid "undefined" previous data on the first iteration    let previousResponse = (pm.globals.get("resposeData") === undefined) ? '' : `${pm.globals.get("resposeData")}, `;    // Represent output as a key:value data    pm.globals.set("resposeData", `${previousResponse}"${jsonData.id}": "${jsonData.accessInfo.viewability}"`);}
Tests tab: «responseData» variable will create automatically
Tests tab: «responseData» variable will create automatically
«responseData» variable will create automatically

Now run your single request in Collection Runner. Before starting you need:

Collection Runner: iterations = array.length
Collection Runner: iterations = array.length
Iterations = array.length
Collection Runner: example of the run
Collection Runner: example of the run
Example of the run

Open Postman’s console and select «Hide network» . You’ll see all your target data in defined format (output case 1).

Console: hide network
Console: hide network
Hide network in console log

Open Postman’s environments manager and check the value of the variable with response data (output case 2).

Manage Environments: data stores as the variable value in copy-pastable format
Manage Environments: data stores as the variable value in copy-pastable format
Data stores as the variable value in copy-pastable format

After the current run you should reset the iterable variable to its default value (0) and delete temporary created variables to prevent any failures at the next run.

Quality assurance engineer